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Stroke: Know the Warning Signs

by Team SehatCloud
Stroke: Know the Warning Signs

The stroke often causes permanent disability or results in death. Yet, many victims wait, sometimes hours after the appearance of the first symptoms, before consulting. However, the first moments following the appearance of the latter are decisive.

What Is A Stroke?

Stroke is a failure of the bloodstream that affects a more or less important area of ​​the brain. It causes the death of the cells then deprived of oxygen. In fact, one in ten will recover completely while the other nine will retain more or less significant sequel, depending on the part of the brain that has been affected and the time required for medical intervention.

Different Types of Stroke

ISCHEMIC STROKE OR CEREBRAL INFARCTION

It results either:

An artery blocked by a plaque rich in cholesterol; we then talk about cerebral thrombosis responsible for 40 to 50% of strokes,

A lot of blood obstructing the artery; it is then a pulmonary embolism, cause of 30% of the cerebrovascular accidents.

HEMORRHAGIC STROKE

Usually, due to aneurysm rupture, this stroke occurs in 20% of cases. Other factors such as high blood pressure, tumors or various bleeding disorders can also cause a brain hemorrhage.

TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC CRASH

If this obstruction resolves itself without causing any sequel, we talk about AIT. The symptoms of a transient ischemic attack are similar to those of stroke but last only a few minutes.

The Warning Signs of a Stroke

Here are all the symptoms of stroke:

  • Dizziness;

  • Sudden loss of balance;

  • Numbness and subsidence of part of the face, arm, leg or body part;

  • Confusion;

  • Difficulty speaking or understanding

  • Sudden loss of vision or blurred vision of an eye

  • Sudden and intense headache, sometimes accompanied by vomiting.

Whatever the symptom, it is urgent to contact the emergency services for medical help. The faster the procedure, the less the sequels are important.

What Are The Risk Factors For Stroke?

Stroke has a peculiarity: its precursor signs are totally absent. However, people with a transient ischemic attack, those with a heart condition (abnormality, heart failure or arrhythmia), diabetes, migraines, sleep apnea, high cholesterol or high blood pressure are at higher risk.

Some factors favor, to a different degree, the occurrence of stroke.

  • Arterial hypertension not controlled by treatments
  • The tobacco
  • Age
  • Heredity
  • History of stroke. It is estimated that 30% of people with stroke will have another stroke within five years
  • Diabetes not controlled by treatments
  • Excess cholesterol
  • The lack of regular physical activity
  • High consumption of alcoholic beverages
  • Some heart diseases, such as atrial fibrillation

How to Prevent a Stroke?

It is possible to prevent stroke, heart attacks, and aneurysm ruptures by adopting healthy habits such as smoking cessation, moderate alcohol consumption, and physical exercise, maintaining a healthy lifestyle healthy weights, better stress management, and regular medical follow-up.

Be attentive to the slightest symptoms and do not hesitate to consult a professional. After all, it’s all about your life.

How to React If Symptoms Appear?

Anyone witnessing a stroke, or the patient himself if he is able to do so should contact 911.

In line with the emergency services, it is imperative to speak slowly and clearly so that the following information is audible:

  • Identity of the witness and/or the patient;
  • Telephone number, the exact address of the accident site (street, floor, door, access code …);
  • Signs of stroke alerting you to their onset, duration, repetition, and evolution.

While waiting for the doctors, it is recommended:

  • To lengthen the person with a pillow under the head;
  • To regroup, if necessary, the last medical examinations carried out;
  • Not to feed or drink the patient;
  • Not to give him any medicine, even in case of usual treatment.

First Aid during Stroke

Unless you are an experienced rescuer, it will be difficult for you to help someone with a stroke. You can, however, ask him to smile, raise both arms or utter a very simple sentence. If the person is unable to do so, place the person in a safety-side position and dial 911 immediately. The patient is more likely to recover if seen quickly by a doctor.

Lateral safety position: the victim is placed on the side, head back, mouth open and facing the ground. Thus, his tongue can not fall into his throat and vomiting flows freely on the ground.

Even If The Signs Disappear, Act!

Sometimes, signs occur a few days before the proper stroke and then disappear. This should not reassure you and prevent you from consulting the doctor. These symptoms, even if momentarily extinguished, betray the presence of a transient ischemic attack, a harbinger of stroke. It is essential to take action to avoid massive stroke, which is more difficult to manage.

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