Characterized by a permanent excess of sugar in the blood, diabetes can be of different types:
Type 1 Diabetes
Insulin-dependent diabetes (IDDM), also called as “lean” diabetes because one of the first symptoms is weight loss, or “juvenile” because it affects young people. It accounts for about 10% of cases and is treated compulsorily by insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), also known as “fat” diabetes or diabetes mellitus, since it often occurs in middle age in overweight people. It accounts for about 90% of cases and is treated by diet, plus drugs taken orally if necessary, and possibly insulin, after a few years of evolution.
It is diabetes that develops during pregnancy, typically during the second or third trimester. Doctors also diagnose gestational diabetes when pre-diabetic status is detected in a pregnant woman.
Diabetes Secondary to Certain Diseases
Diabetes can occur in people who have or have suffered from certain diseases or health conditions, such as:
- Pancreatic diseases (cystic fibrosis, cancer, pancreatitis, pancreatectomy, etc.)
- Endocrine diseases (Cushing’s syndrome, acromegaly, hyperthyroidism, etc.)
- Genetic syndromes (Down syndrome, Friedreich’s ataxia, Turner syndrome, etc.)
- Viral infections (congenital rubella, cytomegalovirus, etc.)
Diabetes Secondary to Taking Medication
Some medications can bring on diabetes, temporarily or permanently, such as:
- Drugs prescribed to prevent rejection following organ transplantation
- Anticancer drugs
- Some medicines to treat hypertension (thiazides)
- Medication to treat hypothyroidism
- Some drugs to treat hypercholesterolemia (statins)
- Antiepileptic drug
- Drugs to treat certain mental health problems
MODY (Maturity Onset Diabetes of the Young)
MODY diabetes is a rare form of diabetes that usually starts before the age of 25 and in normal weight individuals. Although these characteristics usually correspond to those of type 1 diabetes, the latter is more similar to type 2.
LADA (Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults)
LADA diabetes usually occurs in adults between 30 and 50 years old. Like type 1 diabetes, it has an autoimmune component, characterized by the presence of auto-antibodies in the blood. These antibodies cause slow and progressive destruction of pancreatic beta cells (cells responsible for insulin production), increasing the risk of progressing rapidly to insulin dependence.
Diabetes Health Center
An overview about the disease.
During digestion, the food we eat is transformed into sugar, which is essential for the cells of the body to function. It is insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates the amount of sugar stored or “burned” in the cells.
Normal blood glucose is less than 1.10g / l on an empty stomach and less than 1.40g / l after a meal. Diabetes is defined as fasting blood glucose greater than 1.26 g / l twice.
How Does Self-Monitoring Work? Can I Play Sports? Can I Have A Child? What Kind of Food I can Take?
Here is the quick reference for your blood sugar level check.
Insulin is a hormone that is part of the range of drugs used to treat diabetes. The latter is characterized by insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas or deficient use of insulin by the body.