During digestion, the food we eat is transformed into sugar, which is essential for the cells of the body to function. It is insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates the amount of sugar stored or “burned” in the cells.
After passing through the intestinal wall, the sugar is found in the bloodstream, increasing blood sugar. This signal is detected by particular cells of the pancreas, which then secrete insulin. The presence of insulin in the blood is itself perceived by the cells of the liver, muscles and fatty tissues, which in response start consuming the glucose or storing it for later use. Hence a return to normal blood sugar level.
Diabetes Health Center
An overview about the disease.
Characterized by a permanent excess of sugar in the blood, diabetes can be of different types: Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, Gestational Diabetes etc.
Normal blood glucose is less than 1.10g / l on an empty stomach and less than 1.40g / l after a meal. Diabetes is defined as fasting blood glucose greater than 1.26 g / l twice.
How Does Self-Monitoring Work? Can I Play Sports? Can I Have A Child? What Kind of Food I can Take?
Here is the quick reference for your blood sugar level check.
Insulin is a hormone that is part of the range of drugs used to treat diabetes. The latter is characterized by insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas or deficient use of insulin by the body.