How to manage Asthma
When there is an inflammation of the airways it causes the narrowing of the air passages that carry oxygen which in turn results in breathing difficulty. This is a medical condition known as Asthma or Bronchial Asthma.
Asthma is a chronic disease of the lungs that also involves other symptoms such as shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing and tightness in the chest area. An asthma attack comes as a result of exposure to different forms of allergens which would then trigger a spasm in the bronchi.
Statistics suggest that as of 2018, about 339 million people spread across the world suffer from Asthma. This medical condition is also believed to be responsible for about 1,000 deaths globally and on a daily basis. In the medical world, the general consensus is that the prevalence of this respiratory disease is on a steady rise.
As you keep reading, you will get to know the causes, symptoms as well as how best to manage this disease.
Causes Of Asthma
Although the exact cause of asthma is not yet ascertained by researchers and scientists, however, what is known is that there are many risk factors associated with this respiratory disease. The risk factors that are mainly responsible for this respiratory tract disease include:
Some individuals react badly when they are exposed to certain things or even animals. Certain allergens such as pollen grains, dust and so on, are associated with people who suffer from asthma and exposure to these substances can cause exacerbation or flare-ups.
Bronchial asthma can be passed on from one generation to another. This means that there is a higher possibility of suffering from this lung disease if you have a close relative who suffered or still suffers from this disease.
3. Other Respiratory Tract Infections:
In some cases, if you have suffered any form of respiratory tract infection as a child, there is an increased tendency that you might also suffer from this disease later on in adulthood.
4. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):
This is a long term condition where the acid from the stomach flows back up into the esophagus. This condition causes various other illnesses, asthma inclusive.
Symptoms Of Asthma
Symptoms of this lung disease differ from person to person and they may include:
Pain and Tightness of the chest.
Shortness and difficulty in breathing.
A wheezing sound made while breathing.
Breathing trouble that makes sleeping difficult.
Ways To Manage Asthma
Since there is no cure for this type of lung disease, learning about ways to manage and keep your symptoms under control so as to avoid frequent flare-ups is key. This way you can enjoy an active and healthy life even with this disease. Here are ways you can manage asthma symptoms:
1. Try To Stay Away From Viral Infections:
Viral Infections such as flu and a common cold can increase your attacks. Therefore, it is important that you take your regular pneumonia and flu shots, eat fruits and vegetables that will boost your immune system and ensure you maintain good hygiene so as to reduce your risk of getting an infection.
2. Be Aware Of Your Asthma Triggers:
Knowing what triggers your flare-ups and avoiding them as much as possible can help you reduce the rate and intensity of your attacks.
3. Use Your Asthma Medications As Prescribed By Your Doctor:
Since this disease is a long term disease, your doctor would prescribe medications that should be taken frequently and not only when you observe symptoms. Following this medication will help you manage this disease better.
4. Stop Smoking:
Smoking causes exacerbation when it comes to this disease. Therefore, quitting smoking as well as staying away from secondary smoke can help to keep this disease in check.
5. Regular Exercise:
Symptoms of this lung disease is more pronounced in people who are overweight. Consequently, staying fit and maintaining a healthy body weight will reduce your symptoms greatly.
When To Contact Your Doctor
Be sure to contact your doctor when your symptoms do not go away or get worse even after you have taken your medications. Your doctor will do a check up on you and possibly review your treatment regimen. In addition to this, you should pay your doctor a visit if your notice symptoms that differ from those which you usually have.
As has been stated earlier, asthma does not have a permanent cure. Consequently, a proper treatment plan, as well as good management of the disease, can help prevent frequent recurrence of symptoms.
Added to this, recognizing and acting quickly when you observe your symptoms can also help you get fast relief as well as reduce the severity of your attack.
Control and management of this disease may require time and consistency, however, with the help of your doctor, you will be able to have a good understanding of your triggers as well as knowing the best ways to keep your asthma under control.