Ever wondered how cholesterol and triglycerides are transported through the bloodstream? Well, this is the main function of Lipoproteins in the body. Lipoproteins are a complex assembly of proteins and lipids otherwise known as fats. This complex assembly can occur in either a soluble or insoluble form. There are four main types of lipoproteins, which are High-Density Lipoproteins (HDL), Low-Density Lipoproteins (LDL), Very Low-Density Lipoproteins (VLDL) and Chylomicrons. For this article, we will keep our focus on LDL and VLDL.
here in this article, you will come to know about VLDL vs LDL healthcare.
What is Very Low-Density Lipoproteins (VLDL)
Although it is produced in the liver and deposited into the bloodstream to supply the tissues with triglycerides, Very Low-Density Lipoproteins (VLDL) is also known as “bad cholesterol”. This is because triglycerides which are fat that helps in the storage of energy in the cells can also be detrimental to the health when it is seen in high levels in the body. This form of Lipoprotein is composed of 70% of Triglycerides, 10% of Cholesterol, 10% of Protein and 10% of other fats.
In addition to this, a high carbohydrate diet can also cause a buildup of triglycerides and VLDL. This results in plaque build-up into the arterial wall which causes the reduced flow of blood through the arteries. This, in turn, causes an increased risk for the development of terminal health conditions such as heart attack, atherosclerosis, increased inflammation, high blood pressure, reduced levels of the good cholesterol which is known as High-Density Lipoproteins (HDL), fatty liver as well as stroke.
The major causes of high levels of VLDL are the body include:
- High alcohol intake.
- Lack of exercise.
- High intake of sugar and carbohydrate-dense foods.
Low-Density Lipoproteins (LDL) is a form of lipoprotein that is mainly composed of Cholesterol, unlike the VLDL. Sometimes, the VLDL that remains in the bloodstream is broken down by certain enzymes in the blood and converted into LDL. This Lipoprotein is basically composed of 26% Cholesterol, 25% Protein, 15% of other fats and 10% Triglycerides.
LDL transports cholesterol through your body and some of these cholesterols are deposited on the arterial lining. As this cholesterol builds up in your arteries, they can form plaques and then clog your arteries causing a difficulty in the flow of blood. This will surely put you at risk of developing atherosclerosis, stroke as well as other coronary artery diseases.
How To Detect A High Level Of VLDL and LDL
The level of VLDL and LDL in your body can be detected when you visit a hospital for your routine examination. The doctor will require you to carry out a cholesterol and triglyceride test. While a cholesterol test will show the level of LDL in your body, the triglyceride test will offer an estimated VLDL level as there is no specific test to show VLDL levels in the body. However, your doctor might decide to find out the specific level of VLDL, if you are at risk of developing cardiovascular disease or your tests have shown abnormal levels of cholesterol.
Tips On How You Can Reduce Your VLDL and LDL levels
Here are some healthy tips that can help you keep your VLDL and LDL levels in check.
- Eat Foods Rich In Omega-3 Fatty Acid: According to the American Heart Association, food rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as salmon are heart-friendly and will help to reduce the buildup of cholesterol and triglycerides in your arteries.
- Low Cholesterol Diets: Consuming food that has low cholesterol such as beans, oat, barley, vegetable oil, eggplants, okra, nuts as well as whole grains, is also a good place to start if you are trying to reduce your VLDL and LDL levels.
- Fruits and Vegetables: You can also eat more of fruits such as strawberries, apples, and grapes as well as vegetables like avocado. These have been shown to help lower VLDL and LDL in the body.
- Stay Away From Foods With High Fats: Foods such as cheese, beef, and butter contain saturated fats which are unhealthy for the body as they will increase your LDL and VLDL levels. It is advised that these foods should be avoided as much as possible.
- Regular Exercise: A Sedentary lifestyle has been observed to be a causative factor for high levels of LDL and VLDL in the body. Therefore, it is important that you develop a regular exercise routine to keep your heart and body in a good state.
- Quit smoking: You really should stop smoking as it can lead to other health concerns apart from influencing the LDL and VLDL levels in your body.
- Reduce your Alcohol Intake: Excessive alcohol intake is known to cause the VLDL and LDL levels in your body to spike. Try to drink alcohol in moderation if you cannot avoid it altogether.
LDL and VLDL are a major cause of coronary heart diseases, stroke, atherosclerosis as well as another terminal disease. Therefore, to maintain a healthy heart and reduce the levels of these two “bad” lipoproteins in your body, it is advised that you consume more of the foods that are rich in High-Density Lipoproteins (HDL) such as those previously stated. This way you are packing your body with good cholesterol and increase your chances of having a healthier heart.